PSC- Bangladesh and Global Studies: Note of Chapter 3- Part 1

pcs note bangladesh and global studiesThis post is about chapter three of your Bangladesh and Global Studies Book. Here you are able to know about the historical places and monuments of Bangladesh. The length of this chapter is comparatively large. I think, this chapter seems to the students difficult. To make it easy, at first you just go through the lines of the chapter create your perception. To make this chapter enjoyable you can get the idea and at the same time, you can watch pictures of these historical places over internet. I think, this way increases your curiosity and helps to complete this chapter easily.

I divide this chapter into two parts-parts 1 and part 2. In part 1, you get the answers of the questions that are given in your text. In part 2, you get short answers questions and answers. I made these answers based on the main test. So I think, these will be easy for you.

Historical Places and Monuments of Bangladesh

Chapter 3- Brief Questions of the text
a. Describe some of the historic monuments of Mahasthangar?
Ans: Mahasthangar is a famous historic site of Bangladesh. There are important monuments of ancient heritage in this place. A Brahmin inscription was found here. It is the most ancient inscription of the Bengal. Plates and sculptures made terracotta, gold and silver coins and stone and glass beads were also found here. Religious antiquities like ‘Govinda Bhita’, ‘Lakshindarer Medh’ and ‘Gokul Medh’ have been found in Mahasthangar. An old shattered fortress is also seen here. There are still many broken stones inside the fortress. A special kind of stone was found here named ‘Khodai Pathor’. This stone is 3.35 meters long and o.91 meters wide.

b. What monuments were found in Shompur Bihar?
Ans: The most important antiquity of Paharpur is known as ‘Shompur Bihar’. It was built in the period of king Dharmapala(approximate 781-821AD). There are 177 secret chambers surrounding the convent. In the center there is a tall temple. There are many small temples and ponds around it. Moreover there are signs of kitchen, dining room, brick drains and a well. Inside the ruins of Paharpur some images of terracotta statue were found. Most of them are statues of animals Bengals. Also some lime soil and metal sculptures were found. The antiquities of Paharpur are one of the unique historic monuments of ancient Bengal’s religion and culture. Every year many local and foreign tourists visit Paharpur.

*c. What images were there in the terracotta of Mynamoti?
Ans: Mynamoti is situated eight kilometers south west from Comilla city. There are various temples .Terracotta plates were used on the outer walls and different rooms of the temple for its beautification. The terracotta plates had images of miraculous animals and mythological sceneries. Among theses the most attractive images and sceneries are of real creatures like lions, weasel fighting a cobra snake, horse, running elephant, swan in the lotus, etc. There were also notable sceneries warriors with swords in hand, men and women in dancing position etc.

*d. Of which period’s historic monuments were found in Sonargaon?
Ans: Sonargaon is a historic location of Bangladesh. It is 27 kilometers south east from Dhaka at the western shore of Meghna river. It was the capital city of the Bengal Sultans in the medieval age at the period of Muslim rule. It was the capital of Isa Khan and his son Musa Khan, the most powerful among the twelve Bhuiya of the Mughal Empire. It was the famous business center at that time. Some of the monuments of those glorious days can still be found here and there in Sonargaon. Among them the notable are huge lake, soil mass, destroyed fort, mosque and the ruins of Panam City.

e. Describe the monuments of Lalbagh Fort?
Ans: The fort of Lalbagh is one of the notable historic monuments. There are two entrance paths at the north and south sides of the fort. At the south entrance there are many secret tunnels to exit. There is a court hall named ‘Diwan-e-Aam’, three domed mosque and a pond inside the fort. There is also the tomb of Pori Bibi, daughter of Shayestha Khan.
The specialty of the Lalbagh fort is that it is completely made of bricks. There are high brick walls around it. There is an open space in the corner of the fort. The Mughal rulers used to live in beautiful tents in the open space. There is a small two-storied palace. It has been made a museum now.

*f. Why should we be respectful towards the historic monuments of Bangladesh?
Ans: We should be respectful towards the historic monuments of Bangladesh because these monuments carry the significance of our ancient civilization and culture. These monuments make us feel proud. We will visit these historic sites and monuments. We will do our best to preserve all these.

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