PSC Elementary Science: Note of Healthy Lifestyle 2017

PSC Elementary Science: Note of Healthy Lifestyle 2017

Healthy Lifestyle: This chapter is about health. This chapter is not only necessary for the exam, but also necessary for day to day life. It helps us to be healthy in our daily life also. I think this chapter is very important for MCQ also. If you go through the previous questions, you can see that MCQ questions come from all chapters normally. There are many questions for MCQ.

AT a glance

  1. 1.Infectious disease
  2. 2.Ways of spreading infectious diseases
  3. 3.Types of infectious diseases
  4. 4.Prevention and Cure of infectious Diseases
  5. 5.Puberty
  6. 6.Changes in the body during puberty
  7. 7.Taking care of the body during puberty

I think this chapter won’t seem to you hard. To answer from this chapter will make you comfortable in the exam hall. Wish you all the best.

Short Answered Questions (Main text)

1. Give 5 ways of how to prevent infectious diseases.
Ans: Infectious diseases spread through germs. Important 5 ways of how to prevent infectious diseases are given below:

  1. The most important thing that we can do is to improve our immune system and to stop the spread of germs.
  2. .We can keep our body healthy by eating a balanced diet, using safe water, and washing hands regularly.
  3. We can prevent the spread of diseases by adequate ventilation in our rooms.
  4. We should remove any objects that hold water such as tub, tyre or canister around our house.
  5. Getting vaccination and avoiding unhygienic foods helps reduce the risks of the diseases.

2. What is airborne disease?
Ans: Airborne diseases are the diseases caused by germs and transmitted through the air due to coughing, sneezing, or talking. Airborne diseases include swine flu, measles, chicken pox, tuberculosis, and influenza.

3. How can we cure the infectious diseases?
Ans:

1. When we get diseases, taking rest, eating nutritious food, and drinking enough safe water will help us get better.
2. At the case of mild fever or headache, some medicine help us feel more comfortable initially.
3. But we must need to see a doctor soon if we have a fever which is not getting well and have continuous vomiting and serious headache.

4. What are the causes of infectious diseases? Or, Write ways of spreading of infectious diseases?  ★

Ans: Infectious diseases can spread, directly, or indirectly, from one parson to another.

  1. Infectious diseases can spread in different ways. Some diseases can pass from person to person through the air when someone coughs or sneezes.
  2. We may get infectious diseases by using glass, plate, chair, table, clothes, toilet etc. that used by an infected parson.
  3. Some infectious diseases are transmitted by bites of insects such as mosquitoes and animals such as dogs.
  4. Another way of causing infectious diseases is eating of contaminated food and drinking of contaminated water.

5. What is a good way to manage your anxiety about changing body looks during puberty?  ★
Ans: Several physical changes occur in puberty like growing taller, changing shape of body, sweating more, getting oilier skin and often some pimples on the face. Some of us also may feel anxious about how our changing body looks.

  1. Maintaining personal hygiene and taking nutritious food is very important at this time.
  2. Remember, everyone goes through puberty and it is a natural change.
  3. If we are worried about something, we should talk to our parents, teachers and our elder brother or sister.

Descriptive Questions (Main text)
1. Explain how infectious diseases spread?  ★
Ans: infectious diseases are the diseases that caused by the entrance of germs such as bacteria, viruses, fungi into the body. Infectious diseases can spread, directly, or indirectly, from one parson to another.

1. Infectious diseases can spread in different ways. Some diseases can pass from person to person through the air when someone coughs or sneezes.
2. We may get infectious diseases by using glass, plate, chair, table, clothes, toilet etc. that used by an infected parson.
3. Some infectious diseases are transmitted by bites of insects such as mosquitoes and animals such as dogs.
4. Another way of causing infectious diseases is eating of contaminated food and drinking of contaminated water.

2. We can prevent Dengue or Malaria by removing object holding water like bowl tyre etc. Why?
Ans: Dengue or Malaria is caused by mosquito bites. Dengue and Malaria germs carrier mosquito lays their eggs in the water holding objects such as tub, tyre or canister around our house. So we can prevent Dengue or Malaria by removing object holding water like a bowl, tyre etc.

 

3. How are waterborne disease and airborne disease alike and different?  ★
Ans: Airborne diseases are the diseases caused by germs and transmitted through the air due to coughing, sneezing or talking. Airborne diseases include swine flu, measles, chicken pox, tuberculosis and influenza.
Waterborne diseases are the diseases caused by taking water contaminated with germs. There are many types of waterborne diseases including diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, and typhoid.

Airborne diseases and waterborne diseases are alike because they are infectious diseases. They are caused for spreading germs.
They are different because airborne diseases are caused by containing germs air, and waterborne diseases are caused by taking water contaminated by germs. Airborne diseases and waterborne diseases are different. Swine flu, measles, chicken pox, tuberculosis and influenza etc are airborne diseases, and diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, and typhoid are waterborne diseases.

4. We can prevent the spread of diseases by covering the face during coughs and sneezes with elbow . Why is elbow better than hands when you cover coughs and sneezes?
Ans: Elbow is better than hands at the time of covering coughs and sneezes. We should not use our hands. If we use our hands, we may use our hands for eating without washing. We may forget to wash our hands. We can’t wash our hands when we are outside of the home. So it is effective to use our elbow instead of hands during coughs and sneezes.

More Questions
1. What is Contact Diseases?
Ans: Contact Diseases are diseases caused by direct or indirect contact with an infected person. Flu, Ebola, and Measles are such kind of diseases.

2. What is AIDS?
Ans: AIDS is different kind of infectious disease caused by HIV virus. However, we will not be infected by AIDS even we touch and shake hands with a HIV infected person or use things that a HIV infected person uses.

3. Which diseases are transmitted by animals and insects?  ★
Ans: Some infectious diseases are transmitted by animal and insect bites. For example, rabies is transmitted through bites of rabies-infected bites. Malaria and Dengue is caused by mosquito bites.

4. What is puberty?
Ans: Puberty is the time in life when our body begins to develop and change from the body of a child to the body of a teenager. Usually, puberty starts between age 8 and 13 in girls and age 9 and 15 in boys. During puberty physical, emotional and behavioural changes occur for boys and girls.

5. What changes are occurred in the body during puberty?  ★
Ans: Several physical changes occur in puberty like growing taller, changing shape of body, sweating more, getting oilier skin and often some pimples on the face. Body weight increases during puberty. For boys changing of voice, well shaping of muscles and getting beard and moustaches are common changes. At puberty, girls muscles are also start shaping but not as much as boys.

7. How do we take care of the body during puberty?  ★
Ans: During puberty, someone might feel confused about something or having strong emotional change. Some of us might feel overly sensitive or become upset easily. Some of us also may feel anxious about how our changing body looks. Maintaining personal hygiene and taking nutritious food is very important at this time. We should remember that everyone goes through puberty and it is a natural change. If we are worried about something, we should talk to our parents, teachers, or our brothers or sisters.

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